Put down your electronics for a day! Live the life that cannot blame the government for their problems and prefer to take help from nature to ease any circumstance! Sounds kind of tough and a lot behind the time, right? That’s how a major population of Madhya Pradesh survives. We call them Tribal community, and they are the ones who know how to enjoy life with old traditions and each other’s help.
Don’t you feel excited when you come across someone who has lived their way in forests and juggled peacefully between nature and modern era? We sure do! And if the same applies to you, get ready to be thrilled with interesting facts about tribal of MP. Each of them is unique in their own way, they have their own art, their own history and moreover their very own culture that denies any up gradation.
MP is the land of various main tribes that can be easily divided into several sub-tribal forming a total of 46 tribes. Did you know? Madhya Pradesh is registered as the state with maximum population and variety of Tribal. In 2011’s census total population of 21.1% was found to be part of Tribal. Out of 45 districts in MP, 23 are primarily tribal dominated. But do we know all about our neighbours? If not, here are some answers for you!
The largest tribe of MP with a population of over 50 lakh have a beautiful story of their own to tell. Bhil tribe covers up to 37.7% of total ST population according to the 2011 census. You must have seen fictional videos of Adivasis as exceptional warriors! Well, the inspiration comes from reality and in this case, it has to be the Bhil tribe. Bhil
The name Bhil itself signifies ‘bow’, a reference to their fine skills of archery. Not only archery, but Bhil tribe also inherits different skills like pottery, painting, and weaving.
Their native language is inspired by the Ido-Arya Family of languages, know as Bhili. Bhil tribe believes in a simple and peaceful lifestyle and spend most of their time either in agriculture and poultry farming. Elopement may be considered as a sin in some parts of India nut this tribe accepts it as an intriguing tradition.
The traditional wear of this community includes a saree and enlistments in the form of jewelry for women and men prefer flowing frocks ad pajamas.
A major portion of this tribe ca e found in Dhar, East Nemar, Jhabua, Barwani, Khargone and other states like Rajasthan and Maharashtra.
The confusion about which one is the largest has been running since ages between Gond and Bhil tribe. According to 2011 census, Gond tribe stands on the second position with a very minimal difference. You can easily spot their proficient communities ear the banks of Narmada River, Vindhya and Satpura ranges surrounding the districts Betul, Hoshagaad, Chindwara, Shehdol, Madala, Damoh ad Dhidori. God communities are widespread across the country.
Some parts of this tribe remain isolated from the rest of the civilization, ut a lot is open in the fields. Two main dance forms are originated y their tradition namely, Madai, which is kind of a celebratory dance and most enjoyed on happy occasions, while other stands by the name Dandari which is used to convey mythological practices to pray their main deity Lord Shiva is known as ‘Bahadeo’.
This is one of the most interesting and ideal tribe; A community of tribal that believes in residing between thick woods of Satpura peacefully. Baiga tribe endeavor to take care of mother earth by every mean and that is why they do not believe in ploughing earth even for cultivation. Due to this strong oppose from scratching the face of the earth, shifting cultivation is a very common form of agriculture.
Baigas practice speaking Baigani along with Hindi and Marathi. A few major parts of their unique lifestyle are tattooing, dance forms like Bhoom, Bilma, ad Karma. Singing trial music including Rautnacha, along with Soorwa, Dewarnacha ad Banthi are also a part of their unique tradition.
Another thing to know about Baiga tribe is that they voluntarily refuse to work for anyone else even the government. This tribe has a distinguished feature that the number of females surpasses the number of males.
Kols tribe is the main tribe of Austric Race and significantly follows Hindu religion and mythology. This tribe can be majorly spotted in the interiors of Rewa, Sidhi, Satna, Jabalpur and Shahdol district of MP.
Their prominent activities include construction of palaces, lakes and forts. With time Kols lost their stationed dwellings and even members to different tribes as a result of which this individual community is at a risk of fading today.
Lost in times and ages, this tribe is most primitive tribe of MP. Thus, it is considered as Special Backward Tribe in many records held by the government. Agaria tribe is mostly located in areas like Dindori, Mandla, Balaghat, Shahdoi and Sidhi. Though understanding this tribe and interacting with them is a hard task for a city man, a very interesting piece of information was uncovered. Apparently, Agaria tribe is responsible for the invention of Iron. Seems hard to believe but the history of this tribe says so.
This community prays several deities including Thakur Deo, Shitla Mata, Dhula deo and Budha deo. And as a tribute to their deities, the members of this community perform folk dances like Karma, Shaila, and Chilma. Baharia Tribe
Haven’t you heard, that nature is the best healer? Bawaria tribe is a living proof of this saying. This is the most versatile tribe amongst all that we can count. Majorly because Bawaria not only considers agriculture as their occupation but are also adept at crafting items like baskets from bamboo. If you are willing to communicate with them, learn Dravidian languages and consider walking down the dense valley of Tamia and Chhindwara.
What makes Bawaria a tribe unique is their ability to heal and possess a deep knowledge of medicinal herbs, natural way of healing. They know the exact ways to cure any illness with remedies from nature.
The dressing style of this tribe is simple and elegant, including a dhoti-kurta and safa for men and Sedri saree for women.
These were 6 major tribes of Madhya Pradesh that reflect the hidden parts and communities of India. Their tradition and culture are unique in its own way. Every tribe has something to fascinate you, but only these 6 aren’t the ones that complete MP there are 40 others, some of which are widely alienated from the civilized world. If you know or have experienced any such tribe, share your story with us!